The parable of the talents.

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Matthew 25:14-30
The Parable of the Talents

25: 14- 30Ref – Lk 19: 12- 27

14 “Again, it will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted his property to them. 15 To one he gave five talents of money, to another two talents, and to another one talent, each according to his ability. Then he went on his journey.

16 The man who had received the five talents went at once and put his money to work and gained five more. 17 So also, the one with the two talents gained two more. 18 But the man who had received the one talent went off, dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money.

19 “After a long time the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with them. 20 The man who had received the five talents brought the other five. ‘Master,’ he said, ‘you entrusted me with five talents. See, I have gained five more. ’

21 “His master replied, ’Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master’s happiness! ’

22 “The man with the two talents also came. ‘Master,’ he said, ‘you entrusted me with two talents; see, I have gained two more. ’

23 “His master replied, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master’s happiness! ’

24 “Then the man who had received the one talent came. ‘Master,’ he said, ‘I knew that you are a hard man, harvesting where you have not sown and gathering where you have not scattered seed. 25 So I was afraid and went out and hid your talent in the ground. See, here is what belongs to you. ’

26 “His master replied, ‘You wicked, lazy servant! So you knew that I harvest where I have not sown and gather where I have not scattered seed?

27 Well then, you should have put my money on deposit with the bankers, so that when I returned I would have received it back with interest.

28 “ ‘Take the talent from him and give it to the one who has the ten talents. 29 For everyone who has will be given more, and he will have an abundance. Whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken from him. 30 And throw that worthless servant outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. ’

The context

The key to understanding the parable of the talents is the context in which it is stated.

It was announced right after Matthew 24. That is right after Jesus asked the Jews to leave Jerusalem as he foresaw its destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem in AD70.

It was a case that the Jews would no longer among themselves but that they would now integrate with Gentiles.

It was a time to leave the Old Covenant righteousness was based on a law given to the Jews. It was a time where the Gentiles were also called into a new righteousness that is integrated into Christ where there is no more Jew and Gentile.

As such now with the context set. It is important to note that the key to the interpretation of the parable of the talent is this verse.

Matthew 25:27
27 Well then, you should have put my money on deposit with the bankers, so that when I returned I would have received it back with interest.

Note the word “interest”. He is asking his servants to put money into bankers to earn interest. He was also addressing Jews.

Let us refer to this passage.

Deuteronomy 23:20
20 You may charge a foreigner interest, but not a brother Israelite, so that the Lord your God may bless you in everything you put your hand to in the land you are entering to possess.

Notice you can’t charge a fellow Jew interest.

So how did the 1st and 2nd servant earn the interests? Definitely not by lending money to a Jew or depositing the money with a Jewish bank!!!!

It would either be lending money to a Gentile or depositing with a Gentile bank.

The context of the parable was to prepare Israel to receive a covenant where they would be integrated with the Gentiles to form the body of Christ the church.

In order words he was telling them that their future would be of one that, they be joined with the Gentiles.

In accountant’s language it would mean that “it is time to invest in Gentile banks.”

Jesus was asking them to leave Jerusalem and prepare to live with the Gentiles. Jerusalem was about to be destroyed. He had told them to flee Judea.

Their future lie outside of Jerusalem. The book of Hebrews 13 speaks about leaving Jerusalem. The book of Revelation call the old Jerusalem was in bed (politically and religiously) with Rome the whore.

Jerusalem was no longer to be their home. So the parable is not about faithfulness. It is about leaving the Old Covenant and embracing the transition into the New Covenant.

Those who did not heed the warning to leave Jerusalem remain in or went into Jerusalem when Titus persecuted the Jews. They thought they could find protection in a fortified city. Jesus told them to leave.

They refused and perished in a fire that lasted for months. Jerusalem in AD 70 died as a city and was clothed in smoke for months.

Matthew 25:30
30 And throw that worthless servant outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. ’

That parable has nothing to do with salvation by works. It about embracing a covenant of grace.

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