This morning someone wrote this on my friend’s wall and said the new covenant is no different from that of the old covenant. She wrote:
“The only difference between the Covenants is that Yahshua’s sacrifice replaced animal sacrifices and He reinstituted the Firstborn (Christians) as priests instead of Levites, as it was in the beginning. The Covenant otherwise was unchanged. It had to be renewed, or rewritten, as any contract does, only because the old one was voided when the people broke it. It was never ever a DIFFERENT Covenant, which one will find if they study the Hebrew and Greek words very carefully as we all should. It was simply new as in RENEWED.”
She also said that my friend was wrong to say that the Law makes you slaves and grace makes you a son. She says since Jesus obeyed the Law he was too a slave and thus she would rather be a slave.
Now is this true?
The word new covenant does not mean renewed. It is the word “kainos” which means “novel” or “unused”. It means the new covenant never existed before. In Hebrew it is the word “châdâsh” a fresh thing. A thing that never existed before. As such it is not a renewed thing. It is a brand new thing. Check Strong’s for Hebrew: H2319 Jeremiah 31:31 and Greek: G2537 Hebrews 8:9.
This is because unlike the old covenant which was a contract between God and the people of Israel, the new covenant is NOT an contract between 2 parties. It is base on an oath made by God to himself.
See Hebrews 6: 16 Men swear by someone greater than themselves, and the oath confirms what is said and puts an end to all argument. 17 Because God wanted to make the unchanging nature of his purpose very clear to the heirs of what was promised, he confirmed it with an oath. 18 God did this so that, by two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled to take hold of the hope offered to us may be greatly encouraged. 19 We have this hope as an anchor for the soul, firm and secure.
This oath which God swore by himself is base on 2 very important theological facts:
a) God cannot lie; and
b) God is the highest authority (Note he swore by himself).
You must understand when Jesus was circumcised he was placed under the Law to fulfill the Law. However, once he died, he was no longer bound by the Law. Romans 7:1 says that “that the law has authority over a man only as long as he lives“. So while Jesus was under the Law he was called the Son of Man. When he died, he was free from the Law. When he rose, he was called Son of God. Clearly Jesus is no longer a slave but a son.
Similarly the law was fulfilled in us when we died with Christ on the cross. That is why it is totally fulfilled in us as well. See Romans 8:4 3 For what the law was powerless to do in that it was weakened by the sinful nature,[a] God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful man to be a sin offering.[b] And so he condemned sin in sinful man,[c] 4 in order that the righteous requirements of the law might be fully met in us, who do not live according to the sinful nature but according to the Spirit.
This means the law also has no authority over us because we died in Christ. See Romans 6.
Jesus after fulfilling the law actually abolished the law. Ephesians 2:14-15
New International Version 1984 (NIV1984)
14 For he himself is our peace, who has made the two one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility, 15 by abolishing in his flesh the law with its commandments and regulations. His purpose was to create in himself one new man out of the two, thus making peace,
Colossians 2:13 When you were dead in your sins and in the uncircumcision of your sinful nature,[b] God made you[c] alive with Christ. He forgave us all our sins, 14 having canceled the written code, with its regulations, that was against us and that stood opposed to us; he took it away, nailing it to the cross. 15 And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross.[d]
The first born were not Christians. The first born of Israel was Reuben. Jesus was from the line of Judah. He was neither from Reuben nor from Levi. When there is a change of priests, there is a change of law. The new law for the believer is not the Torah. It is found in 1 John 3:23. Belief in the name of Jesus!
There is a huge difference between the sacrifices in the old and Jesus. The sacrifices of the old secures the forgiveness of the believer for only a year. The sacrifice of the Lord Jesus takes away the sin of the believer once and for all. Even the future ones. The priest of the old covenant cannot seat. Jesus is now seated and we (the royal priests) are also seated with him. See Ephesians 2:6
6 And God raised us up with Christ and seated us with him in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus. We are seated no longer standing.
Please thus appreciated the new covenant is a far better covenant than the old. The new covenant is made by an oath by God with himself. Since God cannot lie and God cannot change, this new covenant is unbreakable. It is not dependent on our performance.