Was it God’s original intent to bring the Hebrews to receive the covenant of Moses (the 10 commandments)?
This passage precedes the passage where the 10 was given.
5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:
Note God said to Moses, ‘keep my covenant.’. Whose covenant is this?
It is very important for us to this. Let’s look …at the beginning of the book of Exodus.
24 God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob.
Abraham. Not Moses.
Again we see it here.
2 God also said to Moses, ‘I am the LORD 3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty, but by my name the LORD I did not make myself known to them. 4 I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, where they resided as foreigners. 5 Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, and I have remembered my covenant.
Paul confirms this in Galatians.
17 What I mean is this: The law, introduced 430 years later, does not set aside the covenant previously established by God and thus do away with the promise. 18 For if the inheritance depends on the law, then it no longer depends on the promise; but God in his grace gave it to Abraham through a promise.
This means God’s covenant with Abraham is not the same with the 10.
2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. 3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.
When Abraham’s covenant was cut Abraham could do nothing but observe he was dreaming. When Jacob’s covenant was cut Jacob was dreaming. They could observe but could not do anything to participate. What about Isaac? When was his covenant cut? The answer is this. On Mount Moriah when he allowed himself to be tied down. He too became a covenantor by just observing being totally resting. The covenant of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob is the covenant that rests totally on what God will do. It is a covenant of pure belief. It’s God plus nothing. IT IS PURELY BASED ON GRACE! Not a mixture of law and grace. At Sinai the people wanted to participate by doing. ‘Whatever you say we will do.’ They said to God. They replaced the covenant of rest with the covenant of doing. . Suddenly God distanced himself and told the people if they draw near they will die.
Then the 10 commandments were given. The promise given to Abraham was postponed. The Hebrews thus entered a new covenant called the covenant of Moses. A covenant which required man’s participation especially in the area of obedience to the 10.
Why then was the 10 given then? To show you can’t do it. To show you are a sinner.
Many years Paul tells us God distance himself from the Hebrews when the wanted the 10 and not his grace by placing the angels in between.
19 What, then, was the purpose of the law? It was added because of transgressions until the Seed to whom the promise referred had come. The law was given through angels and entrusted to a mediator.
Paul goes on to say.
21 Is the law, therefore, opposed to the promises of God? Absolutely not! For if a law had been given that could impart life, then righteousness would certainly have come by the law. 22 But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin, so that what was promised, being given through faith in Jesus Christ, might be given to those who believe.
So the 10 was to lock us up under the control of sin. Not to free us. Until Jesus came. He is the mediator of the new covenant. He replaced the law that requires to love God with all your heart soul and mind with a law that is base on his love for you. “love one another as I have loved you” is not just a new commandment. In the greek it is a novel commandment. It means it is a brand new law and it replaces an old law.
Hebrews tells us when there is a change of priests there is a change of law. Jesus is our new high priest. We are no longer under Aaron. He was under Levi. Jesus was from the line of Judah.
You see God’s original intent had always to deal with us by faith since the days of Abraham. Hebrews 11 will tell you that.
As such the law that saves you is not the 10 but the law of Christ. It is this. Belief.
In the New Testament John dictates it in his first epistle.
1 John 3:23
23 And this is his commandment, That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, as he gave us commandment.
Believe! You cannot be save by a gospel which mixes grace and law.
4 You who are trying to be justified by the law have been alienated from Christ; you have fallen away from grace.
The law of Abraham’s covenant is this believe and righteousness shall be credited to you.
This is what Paul meant by in Romans.
Righteousness Through Faith
21 But now apart from the law the righteousness of God has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify. 22 This righteousness is given through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference between Jew and Gentile,
This is the righteousness the Law and the Prophets are talking about.
May you be at peace. Jesus did everything for you. Only believe.