Why does Jesus offer a better covenant than Moses?

Jesus your better covenant!
by Simon Yap on Sunday, September 13, 2009 at 2:23am

Hebrews 2:1-3
1We must give our full attention to what we were told, so that we won’t drift away. 2The message spoken by angels proved to be true, and all who disobeyed or rejected it were punished as they deserved. 3So if we refuse this great way of being saved, how can we hope to escape?

Hebrews 1:1-14
Hebrews 1:1 -4 Long ago in many ways and at many times God’s prophets spoke his message to our ancestors. 2But now at last, God sent his Son to bring his message to us. God created the universe by his Son, and everything will someday belong to the Son. 3God’s Son has all the brightness of God’s own glory and is like him in every way. By his own mighty word, he holds the universe together. After the Son had washed away our sins, he sat down at the right side [a] of the glorious God in heaven. 4He had become much greater than the angels, and the name he was given is far greater than any of theirs.

1. Jesus is greater that the angels by God’s pronouncement

The writer of Hebrews quotes from the Old Testament repeatedly in demonstrating Christ’s greatness in comparison to the angels. This audience of first-century Jewish Christians had developed an imbalanced belief in angels and their role. Christ’s lordship is affirmed without disrespect to God’s valued angelic messengers.

Hebrews Old Testament How Christ is superior to angels

1:5-6 Psalm 2:7 Christ is called “Son” of God, a title never given to an angel
1:7, 14
Psalm 104:4 Angels are important but are still only servants under God.
1:8-9 Psalm 45:6 Christ’s Kingdom is forever.
1:10 Psalm 102:2 Christ is the Creator of the world.

1:13 Psalm 110:1 Christ is given unique honor by God.

2. Jesus is greater because He mediates as a Son and establishes a better covenant.

“The word spoken by ANGELS was steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward.” Hebrews 2:2

Here is a shocking revelation: The Law was given to Moses by the administration of Angels!
Yes, angels gave the earlier Law for Israel at Mount Sinai. It was common knowledge among the Jewish people in the 1st century that the Law of God was presented to Moses by angels — and not directly by God himself. Josephus, the Jewish priest/historian of the 1st century and an expert in Jewish beliefs at the time, said: “We have learned the noblest of our doctrines and the holiest of our laws from the ANGELS sent by God.”

When the evangelist Stephen rebuked the Jewish authorities in Jerusalem for going against the Law, he said they were those: “Who have received the Law by the disposition of ANGELS, and have not kept it” (Acts 7:53).

And Paul had further to say,
“Wherefore then serves the Law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by ANGELS in the hand of a mediator” Galatians 3:19. When you are under Law your mediator is not Jesus Christ.

In Job 33:22-24 “Yet if there is an angel on his side as a mediator, one out of a thousand, to tell a man what is right for him. 24 to be gracious to him and say, ‘Spare him from going down to the pit; I have found a ransom for him’-

It is hard to find favour if you chose to come to God thru the Law. 1stly, only 1 of a 1000 will mediate for you.

2ndly is on the basis he finds a ransom. Hence the mediation of the angels is base on justice. A ransom must be first obtained for you. Hence the blood of bulls and goats.

Paul warns in Colossians 2:8: “See to it that no one makes a prey of you by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the universe and not according to Christ.” BUT then in Colossians 2:20: “If with Christ you have died to the elemental spirits of the universe, why do you live as if you still belong to the world? Why do you submit to regulations?”

1st Tim 2: 5-6 For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6who gave himself as a ransom for all men—the testimony given in its proper time. He became a mediator by being that ransom and in a different time!

Heb 12: 24 to Jesus the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

Hebrews 8:6 But the ministry Jesus has received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator is superior to the old one, and it is founded on better promises. For if there had been nothing wrong with that first covenant, no place would have been sought for another.

Heb 9: 15 For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance—now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.

He forgave us all our sins, 14having canceled the written code, with its regulations, that was against us and that stood opposed to us; he took it away, nailing it to the cross. 15And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross. (Col 2: 13).

He took the authority away from the angels so that he can be your mediator under the New Covenant. He also set Aside the Old Covenant and established the New Covenant. “Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them” (which are offered according to the law), then He (Jesus) said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God.” He takes away the first that He may establish the second. By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Hebrews 10:5-10 NKJV

We are no longer under law but under grace. The emphasis of the new covenant is forgiveness of sins and not justice. This is because Jesus is our Justice!

See Hebrews 8:7 For if there had been nothing wrong with that first covenant, no place would have been sought for another. 8But God found fault with the people and said[b]:
“The time is coming, declares the Lord,
when I will make a new covenant
with the house of Israel
and with the house of Judah.
9It will not be like the covenant
I made with their forefathers
when I took them by the hand
to lead them out of Egypt,
because they did not remain faithful to my covenant,
and I turned away from them, declares the Lord.
10This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel
after that time, declares the Lord.
I will put my laws in their minds
and write them on their hearts.
I will be their God,
and they will be my people.
11No longer will a man teach his neighbor,
or a man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’
because they will all know me,
from the least of them to the greatest.
12For I will forgive their wickedness
and will remember their sins no more.”[c]
13By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear.

3. Jesus is greater because of the establishment of His work.

Hebrews 1:3 He washed away our sins, he sat down at the right side.

Hebrews 7:25 Therefore he is able to save completely[b] those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them. 26Such a high priest meets our need—one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens. 27Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself.

Hebrews 10:1 The Law of Moses is like a shadow of the good things to come. This shadow isn’t the good things themselves, because it cannot free people from sin by the sacrifices that are offered year after year. 2If there were worshipers who already have their sins washed away and their consciences made clear, there would not be any need to go on offering sacrifices.

Hebrews 10: 11 Under the old covenant, the priest stands and ministers before the altar day after day, offering the same sacrifices again and again, which can never take away sins. 12 But our High Priest offered himself to God as a single sacrifice for sins, good for all time. Then he sat down in the place of honor at God’s right hand. 13 There he waits until his enemies are humbled and made a footstool under his feet. 14 For by that one offering he forever made perfect those who are being made holy.

Just wanted to share this with you as the Lord just spoke to me. We know that Jesus intercedes for us. But I had always taught that He prays for our forgiveness every time we sin. I taught he would go begging God to forgive us because He died in our place and ecause of that God will forgive us. I was wrong. If He has to do that, He would get up and down. Hebrews tells us He sat down and is still sitting down. He intercedes by sitting down. This means the work is done. By this finished work He continues to remind God of His forgiveness. God forgave us because Jesus work was complete. He forgave us at the cross once for all not everytime we sin.

He forgave us and that forgiveness is everlasting. Because Jesus sat down. He finished the work. His work lasts forever. The Father’s forgiveness is once and it last forever! God’s forgiveness is not given out every time we sin. It is given once only. It was given out at the cross. That is why Jesus is seated. He secured perfectly the favour of the Father and sat down. The work was perfect and lasts forever. Similarly the Father’s oath to forgive although made once but it lasts forever. He forgave once but for all time. We in Christ have been forgiven ONCE for ALL. Your forgiveness is forever because it is perfect. Forgive yourself and be free!

Luke 7:46-48 46You did not put oil on my head, but she has poured perfume on my feet. 47Therefore, I tell you, her many sins have been forgiven—for she loved much. But he who has been forgiven little loves little.” 48Then Jesus said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.”

Unless you understand the extend of his forgiveness you will never be free to complete love Jesus.

There is no proportional blessing. If we are 10% obedient, we don’t get 10% blessing. If we are 90% obedient, we don’t get 90% blessing. In fact, if we are 99.9% obedient, we get 100% of the curse. This ought to make everyone capitulate and exclaim that we need God’s grace, which is precisely why the Law was given. Sometimes I am asked, “don’t you believe in God’s Law?” Of course I do, I believe in the law for the purpose for which it was given. The Law was not to make us holy, but to make us recognize that we are hopeless without God’s grace. Many today abuse the Ten Commandments by suggesting that they are instruments to make us holy and righteous, while Paul tells us that those very commandments arouse in us a desire to sin.

It is Jesus in us who causes us to live righteously. Stop condemning yourself. Stop saying prayers that disregard what God has done. Sometimes I hear people pray, “God, don’t take your Spirit from me, come and be with us, let your Spirit move, and hear our prayers. ” What kind of prayer is this? This is Old Covenant thinking. Of course you don’t have to beg for God not to take His Spirit from you. Jesus has already promised that His Spirit would remain with you forever. You don’t need to ask God to be with us; Jesus Christ is in us! Of course God is not going to deny your prayers, since Jesus has already provided the answers for that which we pray for. People say, “Oh God, come and visit us.” God visited people in the Old Testament, but not anymore. He now lives permanently in us.

Acknowledge that Jesus once and for all has put away your sins, redeemed you, and made you holy. He has made you holy and perfect. If you find that these provisions of Christ are not happening, then focus more on Jesus. Turn to Him, He will complete it, He is faithful.

Real holiness, dedication and righteous living doesn’t come from focusing on our effort. In fact, we are to fear and tremble that we take matters into our own hands, instead of letting God work in us. (Philippians 2:12-14) When we keep our focus on Jesus, He is working His life in us.

Lean on Jesus, rest in Him; He will complete the work in you!

4. Last but not least Jesus is greater than the angels because He produced Sons and Not Servants!

Hence that is why God does not send the Angels to give us the Gospel He gave us a Son. This is because at best an Angel is a servant but a son is an heir. At best an Angel can make you a better Servant But A Son can make you a Co Heir!

Galatians 3:23 Before this faith came, we were held prisoners by the law, locked up until faith should be revealed. 24So the law was put in charge to lead us to Christ[h] that we might be justified by faith. 25Now that faith has come, we are no longer under the supervision of the law. 26You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. You can only become a Son you do not put yourself under the supervision of the Law! So long as you are still under the supervision of the Law you are a slave and not a Son!

Galatians 4:4-6 But when the time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under law, 5to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons. 6Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, “Abba,[a] Father.” 7So you are no longer a slave, but a son; and since you are a son, God has made you also an heir.

Hebrews 2:10 In bringing many sons to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and through whom everything exists, should make the author of their salvation perfect through suffering. 11Both the one who makes men holy and those who are made holy are of the same family. So Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers….

14Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death—that is, the devil— 15and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. 16For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants. 17For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for[f]the sins of the people.

Notice the power of the devil is linked to the fear of death? Yet in 1st Corinthians 15: 55 Paul taunts death and states that “Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?” The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law.

You see by fulfilling the Law Christ removes the power of sin. By when sin loses its power, there is no fear of death. By that he destroys the work of the Devil. He brings many sons to glory by fulfilling the Law for us.

Hence ask yourself this wouldn’t you want to come into your Sonship?

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