Deedat wrote a booklet called, What the Bible Says About Muhammad. In this booklet he seeks to show that the Bible predicted the coming of Muhammad. The main verse that he considers is Deuteronomy 18:18 which is part of the Torah of Moses.
I (God) will raise up for them a prophet like you (Moses) from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. (Deuteronomy 18:18, NIV)
Deedat claims that this verse predicts the coming of Muhammad (p. 5) and not the coming of Jesus, as Christians claim. His reason is that Muhammad is like Moses while Jesus is unlike Moses. He gives the following comparison between Moses, Jesus and Muhammad to prove this.
Moses and Muhammad both had a father but Jesus did not. (p. 7)
Moses and Muhammad were conceived naturally but Jesus was not. (pp. 7-8)
Moses and Muhammad got married while but Jesus did not. (p. 8)
Moses and Muhammad were accepted by their people while Jesus was not. (pp. 8-9)
Moses and Muhammad brought earthly kingdoms but Jesus brought God’s spiritual kingdom. (pp. 9-10)
Moses and Muhammad brought new laws while Jesus said he did not. (pp. 10-11)
Moses and Muhammad both had natural deaths while Jesus was according to Christians was killed violently. (p. 12)
Moses and Muhammad both were buried while Jesus was raised up to God. (p. 12)
There are three reasons why Deedat’s identification of Muhammad as the prophet like Moses is false.
Reason 1: A Selective Comparison
Deedat’s comparison is very selective. He is very careful to only compare Moses, Jesus and Muhammad at points which prove his case. However, if we compare them at other points Jesus is more like Moses.
Moses and Jesus were brother Jews while Muhammad was not.
Moses and Jesus did miracles while Muhammad did not.
Moses and Jesus provided sacrifices for sin while Muhammad did not. (Leviticus 16, Matthew 26:17-30)
Moses and Jesus instituted covenants through sacrifice while Muhammad did not. (Exodus 24, Matthew 26:17-30)
To compare Moses, Jesus and Muhammad at these points would make Jesus more like Moses than Muhammad. Deedat has deliberately avoided considering these facts, therefore his comparison proves nothing.
Reason 2: Deuteronomy 18:10-20
Christians and Muslims agree that it is important to read a verse in its context. Therefore we should read Deuteronomy 18:18 in context to see what else is said about the prophet like Moses.
Let no one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead. … (instead) I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. … But a prophet who presumes to speak in my name anything I have not commanded him to say, or a prophet who speaks in the name of other gods, must be put to death.”(Deuteronomy 18:10-20, NIV)
When Deuteronomy 18:18 is read in context we also learn that a prophet like Moses:
Will not allow spells.
Will not speak in God’s name words that God has not told him.
However, Muhammad did both of these. Muhammad accepted spells (incantations) as long as they were Islamized.
‘Auf b. Malik Ashja’i reported: We practised incantation in the pre-Islamic days and we said: Allah’s Messenger, what is your opinion about it? He said: Let me know your incantation and said: There is no harm in the incantation which does not smack of polytheism. (Muslim: book 26, number 5457, Siddiqui)
Therefore Muhammad is not a prophet like Moses.
Secondly, Muhammad confessed to speaking words in God’s name that God had not commanded him.
I ascribed to Allah, what He had not said. (Ibn Sa’d, Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir, vol. 1, p. 237)
I have fabricated things against God and have imputed to Him words which He has not spoken. (Al-Tabari, The History of al-Tabari, vol. vi, p. 111)
Therefore Muhammad is not a prophet like Moses.
Reason 3: A prophet like Moses must agree With Moses.
The message of the prophets may vary in terms of external ceremonies and regulations. For instance, before the flood some animals were unclean (Genesis 8:20) but after the flood God declared all animals clean.
Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything. (Genesis 9:3, NIV)
But while ceremonies may change, other aspects of the prophets’ message never changes. For instance, there is only one God. A genuine prophet must agree with this truth. Regarding idolatry, this practice is always wrong and never changes throughout the prophets. When the Law of Moses forbids idolatry, this includes the use of sacred stones as part of our worship of God.
Do not make idols or set up an image or a sacred stone for yourselves (Leviticus 26:1, NIV)
… and do not erect a sacred stone, for these the LORD your God hates. (Deuteronomy 16:22, NIV)
However, Muhammad continued the pre-Islamic practice of honouring the sacred Black Stone and it is now an essential part of Islamic worship in Mecca.
Bukhari, Muslim and Abu Daw’ud reported that ‘Umar approached the Black Stone and kissed it. Then he said: “I know that you are a mere stone that can neither harm nor do any good. If I had not seen the Prophet (peace be upon him) kissing you, I would have never kissed you.” Al-Khatabi said: “This shows that abiding by the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is binding, regardless of whether or not we understand its reason or the wisdom behind it.” Such information devolves obligation on all those whom it reaches, even if they may not fully comprehend its significance. It is known, however, that kissing the Black Stone signifies respect for it, recognition of our obligation toward it, and using it as a means of seeking Allah’s blessings. … The underlying spirit of all this is unquestioning submission to Allah. (As-Sayyid Sabiq, Fiqh us-Sunnah, Hajj and ‘Umrah, vol. 5, p. 75)
Muhammad teaches the exact opposite of Moses regarding our worship of God and sacred stones. For Moses this was idolatry but for Muhammad it was worship. This is not a ceremonial difference but a fundamental difference, therefore Muhammad is not a prophet like Moses.